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government 中文

EN[ˈɡʌvənmənt] [ˈɡʌvɚ(n)mənt]
US UK
治理, 政治 政府
  • 政府(英语:Government)是一个政治体系,於某个區域訂立、執行法律和管理的一套机构。广义的政府包括立法机关、行政机关、司法机关、军事机关,狭义的政府仅指行政机关;在内阁制国家,“政府”一词也用來指代表国家最高行政机构的核心,即“内阁”。
  • 政府也是一种权力分配的格局。不仅是司法权、立法权和行政权之间的关系,也是中央政府与地方政府之间的关系,甚至也包括了政府各部门单位之间以及公务员之间的权力分配。
  • 政府是组成国家整体的一个重要部分,政府隶属于国家。因此执政政府的倒台或政权的更替并不意味着国家的灭亡,而如果国家灭亡了,政府也就不可能存在。公民对于国家的合法性存在认同性高于对政府的认同性。

    Definition of government in English Dictionary

  • 名词 (Noun)PLgovernmentsSUF-ment
    1. The body with the power to make and/or enforce laws to control a country, land area, people or organization.
      1. Investors face a quandary. Cash offers a return of virtually zero in many developed countries; government-bond yields may have risen in recent weeks but they are still unattractive. Equities have suffered two big bear markets since 2000 and are wobbling again. It is hardly surprising that pension funds, insurers and endowments are searching for new sources of return.
    2. (grammar, linguistics) The relationship between a word and its dependents.
      1. A group of people who hold a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in a given territory.
        1. The state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.
          1. Risk is everywhere. From tabloid headlines insisting that coffee causes cancer (yesterday, of course, it cured it) to stern government warnings about alcohol and driving, the world is teeming with goblins.
        2. NU The management or control of a system.
          1. Economocracy is government of the people, for the plutocrats, by their puppets. ‎
        3. The tenure of a chief of state.
        4. 更多范例
          1. 用于句中
            • The government has no other option than to rein in public spending.
            • The government wants to subsidise healthcare products for the elderly.
            • But governments and central banks vouched for the zombie banks, which were able to keep borrowing dollars from banks in other countries.
          2. 用于句首
            • Government MP's sympathetic to the opposition's arguments are starting to break cover.
          3. 用于句尾
            • The current crisis stems from the short-sighted politics of the previous government.
            • Many people deplore the actions of a corrupt government.
            • The rebel forces are trying to bring down the president and his government.
        • 词类阶层 (Part-of-Speech Hierarchy)
          1. 名词
            • 可数名词
              • 单数形态
                • 不可数名词
            相关连结:
            1. en governments
            2. en governmental
            3. en governmentist
            4. en governmentese
            5. en governmentism
            资料来源: 维基词典

            Meaning of government for the defined word.

            在语法上,这个单字"government"是一个名词,更具体地来说,是一个可数名词和一个单数形态
            困难度: 级别 1
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            容易     ➨     困难
            明确性: 级别 9
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            明确的    ➨     多用途
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